Edgardo Lander: Crisis civilizatoria. Experiencias de los gobiernos progresistas y debates en la izquierda latinoamericana
In the context of the profound civilizational crisis that humanity is experiencing, there is also a severe crisis of the left in different parts of the world. The alternative proposals that were represented by the so-called progressive governments in Latin America fundamentally failed in terms of the transformative objectives they set for themselves.
Has the life quality for the Indigenous peoples in Latin America improved after three decades in which legislation has been developed to recognize them? Statistical information and the increase of social conflictivity in the indigenous territories leads to the negative answer on that question.
Violence and conflict are structures that appear continuously in the history of Latin America and have also become drivers of social change. From the time of Latin American independence, violence was manifested as a product of both colonial inheritance and inequality, as well as the confrontation of new political projects inspired from Europe and adapted locally. These unresolved conflicts dragged on from the 19th century to the 21st century, readapting themselves as a product of new conflicts generated by Modernity.
The present book analyzes the progress of neo-extractivism in Latin America, through four fundamental nuclei. 1) It proposes the categories of neo-extractivism and Commodity Consensus as privileged vantage points for reading the current crisis. 2) It analyzes the different phases of neo-extractivism, from 2003 to the present. 3) It addresses the social resistances and the new political grammars, from the concept of the ecoterritorial turn and places the accent on the advance of indigenous peoples and the increasing protagonism of women.
The destructive features of the late international capitalist order brought the life-and-death relationship to the forefront of social, humanist, ecological and artistic discussion. The processes of poverty and social inequalities have been emphasized, as well as the scenarios of violence and death that involve people, the planet and life itself.
Centrar el interés en el mundo del trabajo en Cuba y los procesos relacionados con su estructuración y desarrollo, desde una perspectiva de las Ciencias Sociales, es el noble objetivo que persiguen los compiladores de este significativo texto.
In contemporary societies we observe a state of social inequality as in the Ancien Régime, the concentration of wealth in the "1 percent", billionaires as presidents, the increase of luxury consumption and the emergence of a culture of distinction as well as the concentration of land and spatial segregation. In order to understand these phenomena in a coherent interpretative framework, this essay proposes the hypothesis that we are living in the early 21st century a new conjuncture of re-feudalization.
So far in the 21st century, Latin America has undergone processes of crisis and change in the context of strong social participation. Popular responses to these crises, and their impact on political cultures, allow for a broader understanding of continental political processes at a time of new political and social reconfigurations..