Adolfo Álvarez Macías

Adolfo Álvarez Macías has a Ph.D in Agricultural and Food Economics from the Ecole Nationale Superieure Agronomique de Montpellier (France). He is a Professor-Researcher at the Department of Agricultural and Animal Production of the Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana, Xochimilco Unit. He has teaching experience in agricultural economics, public policies, food security, and methodology and methods of research and investment projects in agronomy, veterinary, and zootechnical sciences undergraduate and graduate programs. He is a director of the journal Sociedades Rurales, Producción y Medio Ambiente. He is an advisor on food security, climate and social crisis impacts, resilience, agri-food systems and markets, and technological change to international organizations such as the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), World Food Program (WFP), International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET), Oxford Committee for Famine Relief (OXFAM) and Save the Children.

Publicacitoin (selection)

In press. El impacto del extensionismo rural sobre el ingreso de pequeños agricultores en México. Revista Textual, Universidad Autónoma de Chapingo. Revista Textual, Autonomous University of Chapingo. 

2023. Human-animal relationship in water buffalo: the quality of the interaction between keepers and animals and its impact on milk and meat production. Journal of Animal Behavior and Biometry.. https://10.31893/jabb.23ss02

2023. Global warming, a challenge for water buffalo husbandry: physiological and behavioral aspects and heat stress management strategies. Animals 14(19):3103. DOI: 10.3390/ani13193103

2022. Sustainable water buffalo systems in the Latin American humid tropics: an agroecological approach, Revista Geografía Agrícola, Universidad Autónoma de Chapingo, Mexico.

2022. Description of four dual-purpose water buffalo (Bubalis bubalis) production systems in the swamps of Mexico. Part 2: Sanitary management, milking, zootechnical and economic indicators. Journal of Buffalo Science, 2022, 11, 32-44, 2022.

2022. Mercado global-efectos locales: Un análisis coyuntural sobre el COVID-19, conflictos bélicos y cambio climático 2020-2022. Revista Sociedades Rurales, Producción y Medio Ambiente, Mexico, pp. 179-193.

2021. Characterization of rural extension agents in Mexico, a contribution from correspondence analysis. Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Agrícolas Volume 12 Number 8 November 12 - December 31, 2021.

2021. Indigenous family work in agroforestry systems in the context of global changes: The case of the Inga and Camëntsá communities in Putumayo, Colombia. Forests 2021, 12, 1503.

2021. The Use of Draught Animals in Rural Labor. Animals 2021, 11, 2683.


Research project as CALAS Fellow (transatlántic tandem with Robert Carcamo Mallen)

Title: Multiple Crises and Resilience Building in Central America: Strategies for Food and Nutritional Security

Summary: In recent years, a convergence of factors such as the COVID-19 pandemic, climate change, economic crisis, and increased migration has triggered a new crisis of food and nutritional insecurity (INSAN). Central America has experienced the highest increase in food insecurity, reaching 2.5% between 2019 and 2020, reaching its highest figure in the last 20 years: 10.6%, or 19 million people. The COVID-19 pandemic has stood out for its extensive impact, causing disruptions in supply chains, job losses, and increasing prices of food, fertilizers, and fuels. Additionally, hurricanes Eta and Iota, along with droughts, have contributed to the vulnerability of the region. The research proposal starts with a historical analysis, evaluating the viability and effectiveness of public policies in the face of food, climate, and socio-economic crises. It is argued that factors such as climate change, the COVID-19 crisis, and a crisis in public spending are added to the socio-economic development process, resulting in food insecurity and higher levels of migration. The research questions focus on understanding the associations of crisis factors, evaluating implemented policies, and determining the feasibility of a comprehensive and coordinated resilience strategy. Consequently, the aim is to answer the question: How have various crisis factors associated with creating the current multiple crises affecting INSAN, migration, and the stability of the food market in Central America? What policies and strategies have official entities, international organizations, and NGOs designed and implemented to address the INSAN crisis? What factors are necessary to create a better public policy strategy and promote resilience for food security? To address these questions, our research combines structural and situational dynamics, considering international, national, and local contexts.

Centroamérica y el Caribe